Nursing References

CE Express Course References

Human Trafficking: 2-Hour Overview for Nurses (N1874)


Abas, M., Ostrovschi, N. V., Prince, M., Gorceag, V. I., Trigub, C., & Oram, S. (2013). Risk factors for mental disorders in women survivors of human trafficking: A historical cohort study. BioMed Central Psychiatry, 13(1), 204. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-204

Ahn, R., Alpert, E. J., Purcell, G., Konstantopoulos, W. M., McGahan, A., Cafferty, E., … Burke, T. F. (2013). Human trafficking: Review of educational resources for health professionals. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(3), 283-289.

Alpert, E. J., Ahn, R., Albright, E., Purcell, G., Burke, T. F., & Macias-Konstantopoulos, W. L. (2014). Human trafficking: Guidebook on identification, assessment, and response in the health care setting. Waltham, MA. MGH Human Trafficking Initiative, Division of Global Health and Human Rights, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, and Committee on Violence Intervention and Prevention, Massachusetts Medical Society.

Baldwin, S. B., Eisenman, D. P., Sayles, J. N., Ryan, G., & Chuang, K. S. (2011). Identification of human trafficking victims in health care settings. Health and Human Rights Journal, 13(1), E36-E49.

Baldwin, S. B., Fehrenbacher, A. E., & Eisenman, D. P. (2014). Psychological coercion in human trafficking: An application of Biderman’s framework. Qualitative Health Research, 25(9), 1171-1181. doi: 10.1177/1049732314557087

Bohnert, C. A., Calhoun, A. W., & Mittel, O. F. (2017). Taking up the mantle of human trafficking education: Who should be responsible? American Medical Association Journal of Ethics, 19(1), 35-42.

Brown, B. (2015). Rising strong: The recognizing, the rumble, the revolution. New York, NY: Spiegel & Grau. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention. (2015). The social-ecological model: A framework for prevention. Retrieved from

Cherry, M. G., Fletcher, I., O’Sullivan, H., & Dornan, T. (2014). Emotional intelligence in medical education: A critical review. Medical Education, 48(5), 468-478. doi:10.1111/medu.12406

Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2015). Mandatory reporters of child abuse and neglect. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children’s Bureau. Retrieved from

Clawson, H. J., Salomon, A., & Grace, L. G. (2008). Treating the hidden wounds: Trauma treatment and mental health recovery for victims of human trafficking. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

de Chesnay, M. (Ed.). (2013). Sex trafficking: A clinical guide for nurses. New York, NY: Springer.

Dottridge, M. (2008). Child trafficking for sexual purposes: A contribution of ECPAT International to the World Congress III against sexual exploitation of children and adolescents. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: ECPAT International.

Dovydaitis, T. (2010). Human trafficking: The role of the health care provider. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 55(5), 462-467. doi:10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.12.017

Fitzpatrick, S. (2010, June 14). Up to 12 asylum seekers drowned in an attempt to reach Australia, survivor says. The Australian.

Goleman, D. (2012). Emotional intelligence: 10th anniversary edition. Why it can matter more than IQ. New York, NY: Bantam Dell.

Gradus, J. L., Antonsen, S., Svensson, E., Lash, T. L., Resick, P. A., & Hansen, J. G. (2015). Trauma, comorbidity, and mortality following diagnoses of severe stress and adjustment disorders: A nationwide cohort study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 182(5), 451-458.

Greenbaum, V. J. (2014). Commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of children in the United States. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 44(9), 245-269.

Heffernan, K., & Blythe, B. (2014). Evidence-based practice: Developing a trauma-informed lens to case management for victims of human trafficking. Global Social Welfare, 1(4), 169-177. doi:10.1007/s40609-014-0007-8

Hossain, M., Zimmerman, C., Abas, M., Light, M., & Watts, C. (2010). The relationship of trauma to mental disorders among trafficked and sexually exploited girls and women. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2442-2449. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.173229

Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. (2013). Confronting commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

International Labour Office. (2014). Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office. Retrieved from

International Organization for Migration. (2009). Caring for trafficked persons: guidance for health providers. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Migration.

Jobe, A. (2010). The causes and consequences of re-trafficking: Evidence from the IOM Human Trafficking Database. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Migration.

Jorge-Birol, A. P. (2010). Empowering victims of human trafficking: The role of support, assistance, and protection policies. HUMSEC Journal, 2, 163-178.

Kessler, R. C., Sonnega, A., Bromet, E., Hughes, M., & Nelson, C. B. (1995). Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52(12), 1048-1060.

Kilpatrick, D. G., Resnick, H. S., Milanak, M. E., Miller, M. W., Keyes, K. M., & Friedman, M. J. (2013). National estimates of exposure to traumatic events and PTSD prevalence using DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26(5), 537-547. doi:10.1002/jts.21848

Kiss, L., Pocock, N. S., Naisanguansri, V., Suos, S., Dickson, B., Thuy, D., … Zimmerman, C. (2015). Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam: An observational cross-sectional study. The Lancet Global Health, 3(3), e154-e161. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(15)70016-1

Konstantopoulos, W. M., Ahn, R., Alpert, E. J., Cafferty, E., McGahan, A., Williams, T. P., … Burke, T. F. (2013). An international comparative public health analysis of sex trafficking of women and girls in eight cities: Achieving a more effective health sector response. Journal of Urban Health, 90(6), 1194-1204. doi:10.1007/s11524-013-9837-4

Latonero, M., Wex, B., Dank, M., & Poucki, S. (2015). Technology and labor trafficking in a network society: General overview, emerging innovations, and Philippines case study. Los Angeles, CA: University of South California Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership and Policy.

Lederer, L. J., & Wetzel, C. A. (2014). The health consequences of sex trafficking and their implications for identifying victims in healthcare facilities. Annals of Health Law 23(1), 61-92.

National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). Human trafficking overview. Retrieved from

National Human Trafficking Resource Center. (2014). 2014 statistics. Retrieved from

National Human Trafficking Resource Center. (2015a). Child labor trafficking in the United States. Retrieved from

National Human Trafficking Resource Center. (2015b). Labor trafficking cases by industry in the United States [Data file]. Retrieved from

National Human Trafficking Resource Center. (2015c). National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) data breakdown: Human trafficking and minors [Data file]. Retrieved from

National Sexual Violence Resource Center. (2013). Building cultures of care: A guide for sexual assault services programs. Retrieved from

National Technical Assistance Center for Children’s Mental Health. (2014). What trauma-informed care means. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development. Retrieved from

National Technical Assistance Center for Children’s Mental Health & JBS International. (2015). Trauma informed care: Perspectives and resources. Retrieved from

Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2015). Guidelines for preventing workplace violence for healthcare and social service workers (No. OSHA 3148-04R). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Retrieved from

Office for Victims of Crime: Training and Technical Assistance Center. (2015). Human trafficking task force e-guide. Retrieved from

Oram, S., Stöckl, H., Busza, J., Howard, L. M., & Zimmerman, C. (2012). Prevalence and risk of violence and the physical, mental, and sexual health problems associated with human trafficking: Systematic review. Public Library of Science Medicine, 9(5), e1001224. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001224

Polaris Project. (n.d.a). Human trafficking trends in the United States: National Human Trafficking Resource Center 2007-2012. Retrieved from

Polaris Project. (n.d.b). Sex trafficking. Retrieved from

Polaris Project. (2012). Shelter beds for human trafficking survivors in the United States. Retrieved from

Powell, C., Dickins, K., & Stoklosa, H. (2017). Training US health care professionals on human trafficking: where do we go from here? Medical Education Online, 22(1), 1267980. Retrieved from

Reid, J. A., & Piquero, A. R. (2014). On the relationships between commercial sexual exploitation, substance dependency, and delinquency in youthful offenders. Child Maltreatment, 19(3-4), 247-260. doi:10.1177/1077559514539752

Santa Cruz, N. (2010, August 24). Border deaths in Arizona may break record. Los Angeles Times, p. 24. Retrieved from

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014). SAMHSA’s concept of trauma and guidance for a trauma-informed approach (HHS Publication No. [SMA] 14-4884). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2014). Global report on trafficking in persons, 2014 (Sales No. E.14.V.10). Vienna, Austria: United Nations. Retrieved from

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. (2014). Victims of human trafficking & other crimes. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2001). The trafficking victims protection act of 2000. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of State. (2000). Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, Pub. L. No. H.R.3244 § 103. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of State. (2015). Trafficking in persons report 2015. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of State. (2017). Civilian security, democracy, and human rights: The vulnerability of LGBT individuals to human trafficking. Retrieved from

van de Glind, H. (2010). Migration and child labour: Exploring child migrant vulnerabilities and those of children left-behind (working paper). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office (ILO), International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC).

Varma, S., Gillespie, S., McCracken, C., & Greenbaum, V. J. (2015). Characteristics of child commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking victims presenting for medical care in the United States. Child Abuse and Neglect, 44, 98-105. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.04.004

Vera Institute of Justice. (2014). Screening for human trafficking: Guidelines for administering the Trafficking Victim Identification Tool (TVIT). New York, NY: Vera Institute of Justice.

Williamson, E., Dutch, N. M., & Clawson, H. J. (2010). Evidence-based mental health treatment for victims of human trafficking. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

World Bank Group. (2011). What is empowerment? Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2003). HIV testing and counselling: The gateway to treatment, care and support. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2009). Violence prevention: The evidence: Preventing violence by developing life skills in children and adolescents (NLM classification: HV 6625). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Retrieved from

Yen, I. (2008). Of vice and men: A new approach to eradicating sex trafficking by reducing male demand through educational programs and abolitionist legislation. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 98(2), 653-686.

Zimmerman, C., Hossain, M., & Watts, C. (2011). Human trafficking and health: A conceptual model to inform policy, intervention and research. Social Science & Medicine, 73(2), 327-335. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.05.028