Nursing References

CE Express Course References

Pain and Addiction: Biology, Psychology, and Management (N1873)


American Academy of Pain Medicine. (2017). AAPM facts and figures on pain. Retrieved from

American Pain Society Quality of Care Committee. (1995). Quality improvement guidelines for the treatment of acute pain and cancer pain. Journal of the American Medical Association, 274(23), 1874-1880.

American Society for Pain Management Nursing. (2015). Multimodal therapies to manage pain – More than just opioids. Retrieved from

American Society for Pain Management Nursing. (2016). Prescribing and administering opioid doses based solely on pain intensity: A position state by the American Society for Pain Management Nursing. Retrieved from

American Society of Addiction Medicine. (2011). Definition of addiction.

Anson, P., Ed. (2016). AMA drops pain as vital sign. Pain News Network. Retrieved from

Babos, M. B., Grady, B., Wisnoff, W., & McGhee, C. (2013). Pathophysiology of pain. Disease-a-Month, 59(10), 330-358. doi:10.1016/j.disamonth.2013.05.003

Bergland, C. (2015). Neuroscientists identify how mindset alters pain perceptions. Psychology Today. Retrieved from

Clark, A. K., Old, E. A., & Malcangio, M. (2013). Neuropathic pain and cytokines: Current perspectives. Journal of Pain Research, 6, 803-814.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). CDC guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain. Retrieved from

Darnall, B. D., Scheman, J., Davin, S., Burns, J. W., Murphy, J. L., Wilson, A. C., … Mackey, S. C. (2016). Pain psychology: A global needs assessment and national call to action. Pain Medicine, 17(2), 250-263. doi:10.1093/pm/pnv095

Dowell, D., Haegerich, T. M., & Chou, R. (2016). CDC guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain – United States, 2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(1), 1-49. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1464

Edlund, M. J., Martin, B. C., Russo, J. E., DeVries, A., Braden, J. B., & Sullivan, M. D. (2014). The role of opioid prescription in incident opioid abuse and dependence among individuals with chronic noncancer pain: The role of opioid prescription. Clinical Journal of Pain, 30(7), 557-564. doi:10.1097/AJP.0000000000000021

Fishbain, D. A., Cole, B., Lewis, J., Rosomoff, H. L., & Rosomoff, R. S. (2008). What percentage of chronic nonmalignant pain patients exposed to chronic opioid analgesic therapy develop abuse/addiction and/or aberrant drug-related behaviors? A structured evidence-based review. Pain Medicine, 9(4), 444-459. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4637.2007.00370.x

Foreman, J. (2014). A nation in pain, healing our biggest health problem. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ganguly, K., & Abrams, G. M. (2012). Management of chronic myelopathy symptoms and activities of daily living. Seminars of Neurology, 32(2), 161-168.

Garland, E. L. (2012). Pain processing in the human nervous system: A selective review of nociceptive and biobehavioral pathways. Primary Care, 39(3), 561-571. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2012.06.013

Gudin, J. (2015). Opioid induced hyperalgesia. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, National Harbor, MD.

Hauser, S. L., & Goodin, D. S. (2015). Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases. In D. Kasper, A. Fauci, S. Hauser, D. Longo, J. Jameson, & J. Loscalzo (Eds.), Harrison’s principles of internal medicine (19th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from

Herman, M. A., & Roberto, M. (2015). The addicted brain: Understanding the neurophysiological mechanisms of addictive disorders. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 9, 18. doi:10.3389/fnint.2015.00018

Hill, K. P. (2015). Medical marijuana for treatment of chronic pain and other medical and psychiatric problems: A clinical review. Journal of the American Medical Association, 313(24), 2474-2483. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6199

Hooten, W. M., Timming, R., Belgrade, M., Gaul, J., Goertz, M., Haake, B., … Walker, N. (2013). Assessment and management of chronic pain (6th ed.). Bloomington, IN: Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement.

Ingraham, P. (2017a). The basic types of pain: Nociceptive, neuropathy, and “other.” Retrieved from

Ingraham, P. (2017b). Central sensitization in chronic pain. Retrieved from

Jarzyna, D., Jungquist, C. R., Pasero, C., Willens, J. S., Nisbet, A., Oakes, L., …Polomano, R. C. (2011). American Society for Pain Management Nursing guidelines on monitoring for opioid-induced sedation and respiratory depression. Pain Management Nursing, 12(3), 118-145. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2011.06.008

Kalant, H. (2014). Effects of cannabis and cannabinoids in the human nervous system. In B. Madras & M. Kuhar (Eds.), The effects of drug abuse on the human nervous system (1st ed., pp. 387-412). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Leppert, W., Zajaczkowska, R., Wordliczek, J., Dobrogowski, J., Woron, J. & Krzakowski, M. (2016). Pathophysiology and clinical characteristics of pain in most common locations in cancer patients. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 67(6), 787-799.

Markman, J., & Narasimhan, S. K. (2014). Overview of pain. Merck Manual: Professional Version. Retrieved from

McElveen, A. W., & Egan, R. A. (2016). Postherpetic neuralgia. Medscape: Drugs and Diseases. Retrieved from

Michigan Prescription Drug and Opioid Abuse Task Force. (2015). Report of findings and recommendations for actions. Retrieved from

Micromedex Solutions. (2016). Micromedex (Columbia Basin College Library ed.) [Electronic version]. Greenwood Village, CO: Truven Health Analytics. Retrieved from

Moayedi, M., & Davis, K. D. (2013). Theories of pain: From specificity to gate control. Journal of Neurophysiology, 109, 5-12. doi:10.1152/jn.00457.2012

National Alliance of Advocates for Buprenorphine Treatment. (n.d.). How opiates work. Retrieved from

National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State medical marijuana laws. Retrieved from

National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. (2015). Family history and genetics. Retrieved from

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2016). What are the signs and symptoms of sickle cell disease? Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2014). Drugs, brains, and behavior: The science of addiction. Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2015). Prescription opioids and heroin. Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2017, April 24). Trends & statistics. Retrieved from

Nekovarova, T., Yamamotova, A., Vales, K., Stuchlik, A., Fricova, J., & Rokyta, R. (2014). Common mechanisms of pain and depression: Are antidepressants also analgesics? Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 8(99), 1-12. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00099

Oswaldo de Oliveira, J., Andrade Portella, C. S., & Panossian Cohen, C. (2016). Inflammatory mediators of neuropathic pain. The Pain Journal Clinical Research and Therapeutics, 17(Suppl. 1), 35-42.

Peerdeman, K. J., van Laarhoven, A. I. M., Peters, M. L., & Evers, A. W. M. (2016). An integrative review of the influence of expectancies on pain. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1270. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01270

Pincus, T., Kent, P., Bronfort, G., Loisel, P., Pransky, G., & Hartvigsen, J. (2013). Twenty-five years with the biopsychosocial model of low back pain – Is it time to celebrate? A report from the twelfth international forum for primary care research on low back pain. Spine, 38(24), 2118-2123.

Surah, A., Baranidharan, G., Morley, S., & Phil, M. (2014). Chronic pain and depression. Continuing Education in Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain, 14(2), 85-89.

Tambaro, S., & Bortolato, M. (2012). Cannabinoid-related agents in the treatment of anxiety disorders: Current knowledge and future perspectives. Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery, 7(1), 25-40.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration. (2015). FDA moves quickly to approve easy-to-use nasal spray to treat opioid overdose. Retrieved from

Wright, S. (2015). Pain Management in Nursing Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA, and Washington, D.C.: Sage, in association with the International Association of the Study of Pain (IASP).