Physical Therapy References

CE Express Course References

Lower Limb Amputation: Hospital-Based Rehabilitation

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Churilov, I., Churilov, L., & Murphy, D. (2014). Do rigid dressings reduce the time from amputation to prosthetic fitting? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Vascular Surgery, 28(7), 1801-1808.

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Curran, T., Zhang, J. Q., Lo, R. C., Fokkema, M., McCallum, J. C., Buck, D. B., … Schermerhorn, M. L. (2014). Risk factors and indications for readmission after lower extremity amputation in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 60(5), 1315-1324.

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Davidoff, G. N., Lampman, R. M., Westbury, L., Deron, J., Finestone, H. M., & Islam, S. (1992). Exercise testing and training of persons with dysvascular amputation: Safety and efficacy of arm ergometry. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 73(4), 334-338.

Desormais, I., Aboyans, V., Bura, A., Constans, J., Cambou, J. P., Messas, E., … Lacroix, P. (2014). Anemia, an independent predictive factor for amputation and mortality in patients hospitalized for peripheral artery disease. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 48(2), 202-207.

Deutsch, A., English, R. D., Vermeer, T. C., Murray, P. S., & Condous, M. (2005). Removable rigid dressings versus soft dressings: A randomized, controlled study with dysvascular, trans-tibial amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 29(2), 193-198.

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Dillingham, T. R., Pezzin, L. E., & MacKenzie, E. J. (2002). Limb amputation and limb deficiency: Epidemiology and recent trends in the United States. Southern Medical Journal, 95(8), 875-883.

Dillingham, T. R., Pezzin, L. E., & Shore, A. D. (2005). Reamputation, mortality, and health care costs among persons with dysvascular lower-limb amputations. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(3), 480-486.

Dillingham, T. R., Yacub, J., & Pezzin, L. E. (2011). Determinants of postacute care discharge destination after dysvascular lower limb amputation. PM&R, 3(4), 336-344.

Divi, C., Koss, R. G., Schmaltz, S. P., & Loeb, J. M. (2007). Language proficiency and adverse events in US hospitals: A pilot study. International Journal of Quality in Health Care, 19(2), 60-67.

Dutronc, H., Gobet, A., Dauchy, F. A., Klotz, R., Cazanave, C., Garcia, G., … Dupon, M. (2013). Stump infections after major lowerlimb amputation: A 10-year retrospective study. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, 43(11-12), 456-460.

Duval, S., Keo, H. H., Oldenburg, N. C., Baumgartner, I., Jaff, M. R., Peacock, J. M., … Hirsch, A. T. (2014). The impact of prolonged lower limb ischemia on amputation, mortality, and functional status: The FRIENDS registry. American Heart Journal, 168(4), 577-587.

Dyer, D., Bouman, B., Davey, M., & Ismond, K. P. (2008). An intervention program to reduce falls for adult in-patients following major lower limb amputation. Healthcare Quality, 11(3 Spec. No.), 117-121.

Ebrahimzadeh, M. H., Moradi, A., Bozorgnia, S., & Hallaj-Moghaddam, M. (2014). Evaluation of disabilities and activities of daily living of war-related bilateral lower extremity amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 40(1), 51-57.

Eckermann, J. M., Teruya, T. H., Bianchi, C., & Abou-Zamzam, A. M. (2009). Arterial thrombosis and gangrene secondary to arachnidism. Vascular, 17(4), 239-242.

Elias, J. A., & Morgenroth, D. C. (2013). Amputee care education in physical medicine and rehabilitation residency programs. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92(2), 157-162.

Ephraim, P. L., Dillingham, T., Sector, M., Pezzin, L. E., & MacKenzie, E. J. (2003). Epidemiology of limb loss and congenital limb deficiency: A review of the literature. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84(5), 747-761.

Erjavec, T., Presern-Strukelj, M., & Burger, H. (2008). The diagnostic importance of exercise testing in developing appropriate rehabilitation programmes for patients following transfemoral amputation. European Journal of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine, 44(2), 133-139.

Faglia, E., Clerici, G., Scatena, A., Caminiti, M., Curci, V., Prisco, M., … Morabito, A. (2014). Severity of demographic and clinical characteristics, revascularization feasibility, major amputation, and mortality rate in diabetic patients admitted to a tertiary diabetic foot center for critical limb ischemia: Comparison of 2 cohorts recruited at a 10-year distance. Annals of Vascular Surgery, 28(7), 1729-1736.

Feick, E., Hamilton P., Luis, M., Corbin, M., Salback, N. M., Torres-Moreno, R., & Andrysek, J. (2014). A pilot study examining measures of balance and mobility in children with unilateral lower-limb amputation. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 40(1), 65-74. doi:10.1177/0309364614560941

Feinglass, J., Abadin, S., Thompson, J., & Pearce, W. H. (2008). A census-based analysis of racial disparities in lower extremity amputation rates in Northern Illinois, 1987- 2004. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 47(5), 1001-1007.

Felderhof, J. M., Creutzberg, C. L., Putter, H., Nout, R. A., Bovée, J. V., Dijkstra, P. D., … Marijnen, C. A. (2013). Long-term clinical outcome of patients with soft tissue sarcomas treated with limb-sparing surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. Acta Oncologica, 52(4), 745-752.

Feng, Y. S. F., & Sumpio, B. E. (2011). The Semmes Weinstein monofilament examination is a significant predictor of the risk of foot ulceration and amputation in patients with diabetes mellitus. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 53(1), 220-226.

Fernandez, A., & Formigo, J. (2005). Are Canadian prostheses used? A long-term experience. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 29(2), 177-181.

Fischer, H. (2015). A guide to U.S. military casualty statistics: Operation Freedom’s Sentinel, Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation New Dawn, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom. Retrieved from

Franchignoni, F., Giordano, A., Ferriero, G., Orlandini, D., Amoresano, A., & Perucca, L. (2007). Measuring mobility in people with lower limb amputation: Rasch analysis of the mobility section of the prosthesis evaluation questionnaire. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 39(2), 138-144.

Gailey, R. S., Roach, K. E., Applegate, E. B., Cho, B., Cunniffe, B., Licht, S., … Nash, M. S. (2002). The amputee mobility predictor: An instrument to assess determinants of the lower-limb amputee ability to ambulate. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 83(5), 613-627.

Gan, N., Large, J., Basic, D., & Jennings, N. (2006). The Timed Up and Go Test does not predict length of stay on an acute geriatric ward. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 52(2), 141-144.

Geiss, L. S., Wang, J., Cheng, Y. J., Thompson, T. J., Barker, L., Li, Y., Albright, A. L., & Gregg, E. W. (2014). Prevalence and incidence trends for diagnosed diabetes among adults aged 20 to 79 years, United States, 1980-2012. Journal of the American Medical Association, 312(12), 1218-1226.

Gilbert, M. P. (2015). Screening and treatment by the primary care provider of common diabetes complications. Medical Clinics of North America, 99(1), 201-219.

Glaser, J. D., Bensley, R. P., Hurks, R., Dahlberg, S., Hamdan, A. D., Wyers, W. C., … Schermerhorn, M. L. (2013). Fate of the contralateral limb after lower extremity amputation. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 58(6), 1571-1577.

Gooday, H. M., & Hunter, J. (2004). Preventing falls and stump injuries in lower limb amputees during inpatient rehabilitation: Completion of the audit cycle. Clinical Rehabilitation, 18(4), 379-390.

Goodney, P. P., Beck, A. W., Nagle, J., Welch, H. G., & Zwolak, R. M. (2009). National trends in lower extremity bypass surgery, endovascular interventions, and major amputations. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 50(1), 54-60.

Goodney, P. P., Tarulli, M., Faerber, A. E., Schanzer, A., & Zwolak, R. M. (2015). Fifteen-year trends in lower limb amputation, revascularization, and preventive measures among medicare patients. Journal of the American Medical Association Surgery, 150(1), 84-86.

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Graham, R. C., Smith, N. M., & White, C. M. (2005). The reliability and validity of the Physiological Cost Index in healthy subjects while walking on 2 different tracks. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(10), 2041-2046.

Gupta, S. K., Alassaf, N., Harrop, A. R., & Kiefer, G. N. (2012). Principles of rotationplasty. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery, 20(10), 657-667.

Hagberg, K., Häggström, E., & Brånemark, R. (2007). Physiological cost index (PCI) and walking performance in individuals with transfemoral prostheses compared to healthy controls. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29(8), 643-649.

Henry, A. J., Hevelone, N. D., Hawkins, A. T., Watkins, M. T., Belkin, M., & Nguyen, L. L. (2013). Factors predicting resource utilization and survival after major amputation. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 57(3), 784-790.

Highsmith, M. J., Kahle, J. T., Bongiorni, D. R., Sutton, B. S., Groer, S., & Kaufman, K. R. (2010). Safety, energy efficiency, and cost efficacy of the C-Leg for transfemoral amputees: A review of the literature. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 34(4), 362-377.

Holzer, L. A., Sevelda, F., Fraberger, G., Bluder, O., Kickinger, W., & Holzer, G. (2014). Body image and self-esteem in lower-limb amputees. PLOS ONE, 9(3), e92943. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092943

Houdek, M. T., Kralovec, M. E., & Andrews, K. L. (2014). Hemipelvectomy: High-level amputation surgery and prosthetic rehabilitation. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(7), 600-608.

Huang, M. E., Johns, J. S., White, J., & Sanford, K. (2005). Venous thromboembolism in a rehabilitation setting after major lowerextremity amputation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(1), 73-78.

Izumi, Y., Satterfield, K., Lee, S., & Harkless, L. B. (2006). Risk of reamputation in diabetic patients stratified by limb and level of amputation. Diabetes Care, 29(3), 566-570.

Isakov, E., Burger, H., Gregoric, M., & Marincek, C. (1996). Stump length as related to atrophy and strength of the thigh muscles in trans-tibial amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 20(2), 96-100.

Jaegers, S. M. H. J., Arendzen, J. H., & De Jongh, H. J. (1995). Changes in hip muscles after above-knee amputation. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 319, 276-284.

Jain, S. K., Sanyal, N. C., & Poonekar, P. D. (1988). An improved technique of trans-tibial amputation in ischaemic limbs. Medical Journal of the Armed Forces of India, 44, 191-195.

Jayakaran, P., Johnson, G. M., & Sullivan, S. J. (2015). Postural control in response to altered sensory conditions in persons with dysvascular and traumatic transtibial amputation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96(2), 331-339.

Jeans, K. A., Browne, R. H., & Karol, L. A. (2011). Effect of amputation level on energy expenditure during overground walking by children with an amputation. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 93(1), 49-56.

Jette, D. U., Stilphen, M., Ranganathan, V. K., Passek, S. D., Frost, F. S., & Jette, A. M. (2014a). AM-PAC “6-Clicks” functional assessment scores predict acute care hospital discharge destination. Physical Therapy, 94(9), 1252-1261.

Jette, D. U., Stilphen, M., Ranganathan, V. K., Passek, S. D., Frost, F. S., & Jette, A. M. (2014b). Validity of the AM-PAC “6-Clicks” inpatient daily activity and basic mobility short forms. Physical Therapy, 94(3), 379-391.

Jette, D. U., Stilphen, M., Ranganathan, V. K., Passek, S. D., Frost, F. S., & Jette, A.M. (2015). Interrater reliability of AM-PAC “6-Clicks” basic mobility and daily activity short forms. Physical Therapy, 95(5), 758- 766. doi:10.2522/ptj.20140174

Karmarkar, A. M., Graham, J. E., Reistetter, T. A., Kumar, A., Mix, J. M., Niewczyk, P., … Ottenbacher, K. J. (2014). Association between functional severity and amputation type with rehabilitation outcomes in patients with lower limb amputation. Rehabilitation Research and Practice, 2014(961798). doi:10.1155/2014/961798

Kirby, R. L., Brown, B. A., Connolly, C. M., McRae, S., & Phillips, P. L. (2009). Handling stairs in the seated position for people with unilateral lower-limb amputations. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(7), 1250-1253.

Kono, Y., & Muder, R. R. (2012). Identifying the incidence of and risk factors for reamputation among patients who underwent foot amputation. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 26(8), 1120-1126.

Koopman, A. D., Eken, M. M., van Bezeij, T., Valent, L. J., & Houdijk, H. (2013). Does clinical rehabilitation impose sufficient cardiorespiratory strain to improve aerobic fitness? Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 45(1), 92-98.

Kurowski, J. R., Nedkoff, L., Schoen, D. E., Knuiman, M., Norman, P. E., & Briffa, T. G. (2015). Temporal trends in initial and recurrent lower extremity amputations in people with and without diabetes in Western Australia from 2000 to 2010. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 108(2), 280-287. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2015.02.008

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Larsson, J., Agardh, C., Apelqvist, J., & Stenström, A. (1998). Long-term prognosis after healed amputation in patients with diabetes. Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research, 350, 149-158.

Lavery, L. A., La Fontaine, J., Thakral, G., Kim, P. J., Bhavan, K., & Davis, K. E. (2014). Randomized clinical trial to compare negative-pressure wound therapy approaches with low and high pressure, silicone-coated dressing, and polyurethane foam dressing. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 133(3), 722-726.

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Lee, J. E., & Stokic, D. S. (2008). Risk factors for falls during inpatient rehabilitation. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87(5), 341-353.

Lefebvre, K. M., & Chevan, J. (2011). Sex disparities in level of amputation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92(1), 118-124.

Lipsky, B. A., Berendt, A. R., Embil, J., & deLalla, F. (2004). Diagnosing and treating diabetic foot infections. Diabetes/ Metabolism Research and Reviews, 20(S1), S56-S64.

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Miller, W. C., Deathe, A. B., & Speechley, M. (2003). Psychometric properties of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale among individuals with a lower-limb amputation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84(5), 656-661.

Miller, W., Speechley, M., & Deathe, B. (2001). The prevalence of risk factors of falling and fear of falling among lower extremity amputees. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82(8), 1031-1037.

Moulik, P. K., Mtonga, R., & Gill, G. V. (2003). Amputation and mortality in newonset diabetic foot ulcers stratified by etiology. Diabetes Care, 26(2), 491-494.

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Munin, M. C., Espejo-De Guzman, M. C., Boninger, M. L., Fitzgerald, S. G., Penrod, L. E., & Singh, J. (2001). Predictive factors for successful early prosthetic ambulation among lower-limb amputees. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 38(4), 379-384.

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