Respiratory References

CE Express Course References

Virus Infections: Persistent and Emerging

Barrera-Cruz, A., Díaz-Ramos, R. D., López- Morales, A. B., Grajales-Muñiz, C., Viniegra- Osorio, A., Zaldívar-Cervera, J. A., & Arriaga-Dávila, J. J. (2016). Technical guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Zika virus infection. Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social Enero-Febrero, 54(2), 211-224.

Bidaisee, S., & Macpherson, C. N. (2014). Zoonoses and one health: A review of the literature. Journal of Parasitology Research, 2014, Article ID 874345.

Bouvier, N. M., & Palese, P. (2008). The biology of influenza viruses. Vaccine, 26(Suppl. 4), D49-D53.

Broder, C. C., Xu, K., Nikolov, D. B., Zhu, Z., Dimitrov, D. S., Middleton, D., … Wang, L. F. (2013). A treatment for and vaccine against the deadly Hendra and Nipah viruses. Antiviral Research, 100(1), 8-13.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014c). Investigation update on the Explorer of the Seas. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015a). 2015 provisional data for the United States. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015b). Chikungunya virus in the United States. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015c). MERS clinical features: Clinical presentation, 2015. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015d). STRIVE: Sierra Leone trial to introduce a vaccine against Ebola. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016a). Clinical signs and symptoms of influenza. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016b). Ebola virus disease (EVD) information for clinicians in U.S. healthcare settings. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016c). Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS): Interim guidance for healthcare professionals. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016d). Preventing norovirus infection. Retrieved from

Chan-Yeung, M., & Xu, R. H. (2003). SARS: Epidemiology. Respirology, 8(Suppl.), S9-14.

Cheng, V. C. C., Lau, S. K. P., Woo, P. C. Y., & Yuen, K. Y. (2007). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus as an agent of emerging and reemerging infection. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 20(4), 660-694.

Chughtai, A. A., Barnes, B., & Macintyre, C. R. (2016). Persistence of Ebola virus in various body fluids during convalescence: Evidence and implications for disease transmission and control. Epidemiology & Infection, 144(8), 1652-1660.

Compans, R. W., & Choppin, P. W. (1975). Reproduction of Myxoviruses. In H. Fraenkel- Conrat & R. R. Wagner (Eds.), Comprehensive virology: 4 Reproduction: Large RNA viruses (pp. 180-183). New York, NY: Springer Science & Business Media. doi: 10.007/978-1-4684-2706-6

Dare, R., Sanghavi, S., Bullotta, A., Keightley, M. C., George, K. S., Wadowsky, R.M., … Rinaldo, C. R. (2007). Diagnosis of human metapneumovirus infection in immunosuppressed lung transplant recipients and children evaluated for pertussis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 45(2), 548-552.

de Groot, R. J., Baker, S. C., Baric, R. S., Brown, C. S., Drosten, C., Enjuanes, L., … Ziebuhr, J. (2013). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): Announcement of the coronavirus study group. Journal of Virology, 87(14), 7790-7792.

de Wit, E., van Doremalen, N., Falzarano, D., & Munster, V. J. (2016). SARS and MERS: Recent insights into emerging coronaviruses. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 14(8), 523- 534.

Dzagurova, T. K., Witkowski, P. T., Tkachenko, E. A., Klempa, B., Morozov, V. G., Auste, B., … Kruger, D. H. (2012). Isolation of Sochi virus from a fatal case of hantavirus disease with fulminant clinical course. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 54(1), e1-4. doi:10.1093/ cid/cir746

Environmental Protection Agency. (2007). List G: EPA’s registered antimicrobial products effective against norovirus. Retrieved from

Erduran, E., Bahadir, A., Palanci, N., & Gedik, Y. (2013). The treatment of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever with high-dose methylprednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin, and fresh frozen plasma. Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, 35(1), e19-24.

Falsey, A. R. (2008). Human metapneumovirus infection in adults. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 27(10 Suppl.), S80-S83. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181684dac

Feldmann, H., & Geisbert, T. W. (2011). Ebola haemorrhagic fever. Lancet, 377(9768), 849-862.

Fiore, A. E., Shay, D. K., Broder, K., Iskander, J. K., Uyeki, T. M., Mootrey, G., … Cox, N. S. (2008). Prevention and control of influenza: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 57(RR-7), 1-60.

Gamblin, S. J., & Skehel, J. J. (2010). Influenza hemagglutinin and neuraminidase membrane glycoproteins. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 258(37), 28403-28409.

Graham, R. L., & Baric, R. S. (2010). Recombination, reservoirs, and the modular spike: Mechanisms of coronavirus cross-species transmission. Journal of Virology, 84(7), 3134-3146.

Gu, Y., Shimada, T., Yasui, Y., Tada, Y., Kaku, M., & Okabe, N. (2013). National surveillance of influenza-associated encephalopathy in Japan over six years, before and during the 2009-2010 influenza pandemic. PLOS One, 8(1), e54786.

Guido, M., Tumolo, M. R., Verri, T., Romano, A., Serio, F., De Giorgi, M., … Zizza, A. (2016). Human bocavirus: Current knowledge and future challenges. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 22(39), 8684-8697.

Haas, L. E. M., Thijsen, S. F. T., van Elden, L., & Heemstra, K. A. (2013). Human metapneumovirus in adults. Viruses, 5(1), 87-110.

Hayes, E. B. (2009). Zika virus outside Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(9), 1347- 1350.

He, Y., Jin, M., Chen, K., Zhang, H., Yang, H., Zhuo, F., … Duan, Z-. J. (2016). Gastroenteritis outbreaks associated with the emergence of the new GII.4 Sydney norovirus variant during the epidemic of 2012/13 in Shenzhen City, China. PLOS One, 11(11), e0165880.

Henry, S. (2014). Illness that left 700 on Explorer of the Seas vomiting likely largest outbreak of norovirus on cruise ship in 20 years. National Post. Retrieved from http://news. 700-on-explorer-of-the-seas-vomiting-likelylargest- outbreak-of-norovirus-on-cruise-shipin- 20-years.

Hui, D. S., Wong, P. C., & Wang, C. (2003). SARS: Clinical features and diagnosis. Respirology, 8(Suppl.), S20-S24.

Jefferson, T., Di Pietrantonj, C., Rivetti, A., Bawazeer, G. A., Al-Ansary, L. A., & Ferroni, E. (2010). Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2010(7), CD001269. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001269.pub4

Jefferson, T., Jones, M., Doshi, P., Del Mar, C., Hama, R., Thompson, M., … Heneghan, C. J. (2014). Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in healthy adults and children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014(4), CD008965. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008965.pub4

Kahn, J. S. (2006). Epidemiology of human metapneumovirus. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 19(3), 546-557.

Khiabanian, H., Trifonov, V., & Rabadan, R. (2009). Reassortment patterns in swine influenza viruses. PLOS One, 4(10), e7366. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007366

Khunger, M., Easton, E., & Hoesley, C. (2014). Human metapneumovirus treated with inhaled ribavirin: A case report. International Journal of Case Reports and Images, 5(12), 813-817. doi:10.5348/ijcri-2014139-CR-10450

Kilbourne, E. D. (2006). Influenza pandemics of the 20th century. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(1), 9-14.

Kilgore, P. E., Grabenstein, J. D., Salim, A. M., & Rybak, M. (2015). Treatment of Ebola virus disease. Pharmacotherapy, 35(1), 43-53.

Kirkland, P. D., Gabor, M., Poe, I., Neale, K., Chaffey, K., Finlaison, D. S., … Middleton, D. (2015). Hendra virus infection in dog, Australia, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(12), 2182-2185. doi:10.3201/eid 2112.151324

Körner, R. W., Söderlund-Venermo, M., van Koningsbruggen-Rietschel, S., Kaiser, R., Malecki, M., & Schildgen, O. (2011). Severe human bocavirus infection, Germany. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 17(12), 2303-2305.

Kostyuchenko, V. A., Lim, E. X., Zhang, S., Fibriansah, G., Ng, T. S., Ooi, J. S., … Lok, S. M. (2016). Structure of the thermally stable Zika virus. Nature. Advance online publication. doi:10.1038/nature17994

Kruger, D., Tkachenko, E., Morozov, V., Yunicheva, Y., & Pilikova, O. (2015). Lifethreatening Sochi virus infections, Russia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(12), 2204- 2208.

Lasure, N., & Gopalkrishna, V. (2017). Molecular epidemiology and clinical severity of human bocavirus (HBoV) 1-4 in children with acute gastroenteritis from Pune, Western India. Journal of Medical Virology, 89(1), 17-23.

Lee, J. E., & Saphire, E. O. (2009). Ebolavirus glycoprotein structure and mechanism of entry. Future Virology, 4(6), 621-635.

Li, W. Wong , S., Li, F., Kuhn, J. H., Huang, I., Choe, H., Farzan, M. (2006). Animal origins of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronovirus: Insight from ACE2-S-Protein interactions. Journal of Virology, 8(9), 4211- 4219.

Liu, L., Bastien, N., & Li, Y. (2007). Intracellular processing, glycosylation and cell surface expression of human metapneumovirus attachment glycoprotein. Journal of Medical Virology, 81(24), 13435-13443.

Lodish, H., Berk, A., Zipursky, L., Matsudaira, P., Baltimore, D., & Darnell, J. (2002). Molecular cell biology (4th ed.). New York, NY: Freeman.

Luby, S. P., Gurley, E. S., & Hossain, M. J. (2012). Transmission of human infection with Nipah virus. In Institute of Medicine (Ed.), Improving food safety through a One Health approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Ma, W., Kahn, R. E., & Richt, J. A. (2008). The pig as a mixing vessel for influenza viruses: Human and veterinary implications. Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, 3(1), 158-166.

Masavkar, S. P., & Naikwadi, A. M. (2016). Study of incidence of upper respiratory tract infections in urban and rural population. Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences, 4(6), 2023-2026.

Matthews, J. E., Dickey, B. W., Miller, R. D., Felzer, J. R., Dawson, B. P., Lee, A. S., … Leon, J. S. (2012). The epidemiology of published norovirus outbreaks: A systematic review of risk factors associated with attack rate and genogroup. Epidemiology & Infection, 140(7), 1161-1172.

Moesker, F. M., van Kampen, J. J., van der Eijk, A. A., van Rossum, A. M., de Hoog, M., Schutten, M., … Fraaij, P. L. (2015). Human bocavirus infection as a cause of severe acute respiratory tract infection in children. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 21(10), 964.e1-964.e8.

Moriyama, Y., Hamada, H., Okada, M., Tsuchiya, N., Maru, H., Shirato, Y., … Terai, M. (2010). Distinctive clinical features of human bocavirus in children younger than 2 years. European Journal of Pediatrics, 169(9), 1087-1092.

Nayak, S., Lei, J., Pekosz, A., Klein, S., & Burd, I. (2016). Pathogenesis and molecular mechanisms of Zika virus. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine, 34(5), 266-272.

Paixão, E. S., Barreto F., Teixeira, M. G., Costa, M. C. N., & Rodrigues, L. C. (2016). History, epidemiology, and clinical manifestations of Zika: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 106(4), 606-612.

Pinto, L. H., & Lamb, R. A. (2006). The M2 proton channels of influenza A and B viruses. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281(14), 8997-9000.

Plourde, A. R., & Bloch, E. M. (2016). A literature review of Zika virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(7), 1185-1192.

Raabea, V. N., & Borcherta, M. (2012). Infection control during filoviral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases, 4(1), 69-74.

Robilotti, E., Deresinski, S., & Pinsk, B. A. (2015). Norovirus. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 28(1), 134-164.

Saijo, M., Niikura, M., Ikegami, T., Kurane, I., Kurata, T., & Morikawa, S. (2006). Laboratory diagnostic systems for Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers developed with recombinant proteins. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 13(4), 444-451.

Satterfield, B. A., Dawes, B. E., & Milligan, G. N. (2016). Status of vaccine research and development of vaccines for Nipah virus. Vaccine, 34(26), 2971-2975.

Schildgen, O., Müller, A., Allander, T., Mackay, I. M., Völz, S., Kupfer, B., & Simon, A. (2008). Human bocavirus: Passenger or pathogen in acute respiratory tract infections? Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 21(2), 291-304.

Schowalter, R. M., Smith, S. E., & Dutch, R. E. (2006). Characterization of human metapneumovirus F protein-promoted membrane fusion: Critical roles for proteolytic processing and low pH. Journal of Virology, 80(22), 10931-10941.

Shang, M., Blanton, L., Kniss, K., Mustaquim, D., Alab, N., Barnes, S., … Brammer, L. (2016). Update: Influenza activity - United States, October 2 - December 17, 2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 65(5051), 1439-1444.

Shoham, D. (2011). The modes of evolutionary emergence of primal and late pandemic influenza virus strains from viral reservoir in animals: An interdisciplinary analysis. Influenza Research and Treatment, 2011, Article ID 861792.

Söderlund-Venermo, M., Lahtinen, A., Jartti, T., Hedman, L., Kemppainen, K., Lehtinen, P., … Hedman, K. (2009). Clinical assessment and improved diagnosis of bocavirus-induced wheezing in children, Finland. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(9), 1423-1430.

State of Hawaii, Department of Health. (2016). Dengue Fever-Hawaii Island Outbreak. Retrieved from

Tanner, W., Toth, D., & Gundiapalli, A. (2015). The pandemic potential of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus: A review. Epidemiology & Infection, 143(16), 3359-3374.

Tewary, S. K., Zhao, H., Shen, W., Qiu, J., & Tang L. (2013). Structure of the NS1 protein N-terminal origin recognition/nickase domain from the emerging human bocavirus. Journal of Virology, 87(21), 11487- 11493.

Tse, H., To, K. K., Wen, X., Chen, H., Chan, K., Tsoi, H., … Yuen, K-.Y. (2011). Clinical and virological factors associated with viremia in pandemic influenza A/H1N1/2009 virus infection. PLOS One, 6(9), e22534.

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van der Ven, A. J. A. M., Netea, M. G., van der Meer, J. W. M., & de Mast, Q. (2015). Ebola virus disease has features of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis syndrome. Frontiers in Medicine, 2(4). doi: 10.3389/ fmed.2015.00004

Voss, J. E., Vaney, M. C., Duquerroy, S., Vonrhein, C., Girard-Blanc, C., Crublet, E., … Rey, F. A. (2010). Glycoprotein organization of chikungunya virus particles revealed by X-ray crystallography. Nature, 468(7324), 709-712.

Wikramaratna, P., Sandeman, M., Recker, M., & Gupta, S. (2013). The antigenic evolution of influenza: Drift or thrift? Retrieved from

Williams, J. V. (2005). Human metapneumovirus: An important cause of respiratory disease in children and adults. Current Infectious Disease Reports, 7(3), 204-210.

Wong, K. T., & Ong, K. C. (2011). Pathology of acute henipavirus infection in humans and animals. Pathology Research International, 2011, Article ID 567248.

World Health Organization. (2015a). Chikungunya. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2015b). Frequently asked questions on Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2015c). Nipah virus (NIV) infection. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2015d). Origins of the 2014 Ebola epidemic. Retrieved from

World Health Organization (2016a). Ebola virus disease. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2016b). Ebola outbreak 2014-2015. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2016c). Interim advice on the sexual transmission of the Ebola virus disease. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2016d). Clinical management of patients with viral haemorrhagic fever: A pocket guide for the frontline health worker. Retrieved from

Xu, K., Rajashankar, K. R., Chan, Y. P., Himanen, J. P., Broder, C. C., & Nikolov, D. B. (2008). Host cell recognition by the henipaviruses: Crystal structures of the Nipah G attachment glycoprotein and its complex with ephrin-B3. Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, 105(29), 9953-9958. Retrieved from

Zapata, J. C., Cox, D., & Salvato, M. S. (2014). The role of platelets in the pathogenesis of viral hemorrhagic fevers. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 8(6), e2858.